Two decades ago both were the major Communist powers. To overcome their economic stagnation Moscow was liberalizing its political system and Beijing was opening its market, but without renouncing the dictatorship of the single party. The first path led to the Kremlin lost all its partners in the Warsaw Pact, who went to NATO or the EU, and to the Soviet Union split into 15 republics, declining its economy in much more than 50%. The second path kept the plan and the monopoly of power of a Communist Party that was becoming the best encouraging of capitalist growth in the world. Beijing, as the earlier Moscow, manages several national minorities. However, they do not have many recent pro-independence traditions, China is more homogeneous (92% of its inhabitants are have) and Beijing has achieved that since the Dalai Lama until his separate Taiwan will refuse to raise secede from China.