Art of batik originated hundreds of years ago, when residents of the Indonesian island of Java, painted their clothes, giving the finished products amulets sacred meaning and talismans. In Europe, batik has come only in the early 19th century, and received its further development is the use of new technologies. Batik – hand-painted fabric technology with the use of so-called redundancy, ie application of preventing the entry of paint on those places that should remain unpainted. After applying the reserve tissue signs by hand. The very name 'batik' came from its founders – the inhabitants of Indonesia, in their language, 'ba' means the tissue, 'tik' – drop. In the painting on tkni batik technology combines elements of all major branches of the fine arts: painting, watercolor mosaic and pastel. To create a beautiful product requires a real talent. And artists who have batik, with confidence can be called artists.
Today, many people who appreciate originality and elegance in clothing and interior design, preferred products, created by technology batik. The most popular author clothing (scarves, stoles, dresses, scarves), paintings, curtains. Depending on the fabric and paint the mural of the method, there are several types of batik, including: hot and cold batik, batik nodosa, free painting. Thus, hot batik used as a reserve melted wax or resin, which is applied generally to cotton fabric. Originally applied to a hot spare is used a special tool – chantnig. Now just dripped wax on the cloth or applied with a brush. Cold Batik is a simplified technology, hot, and is characterized in that as a backup using such compositions, as resin, diesel, rubber glue. Cold batik technique used primarily to tissues of natural silk.
Special mention needs free painting, which most commonly occur talent and ideas of the artist. Free painting involves printing on synthetic or natural silk with oil paint or special aniline dyes. Technique nodular batik has a very long and in many countries in Africa and the Caucasus, and in Tibet in China. Nodular batik fabric involves dyeing, pre-tied in knots or wrapped with peas. In this case the output is an abstract image, gives a beautiful and original look.