On our planet, there are hundreds of places that capture the imagination and cause a desire to see their own eyes. Kingdom of Cambodia – one of those places. Cambodia – the ceremonial name of the country. By Khmer sounds like Preh Rekenakart Kampuchea, which is the Sanskrit word meaning preh "sacred" rack – "King, the governor," Ana – "power" cards – "wheel", symbolized in a Khmer-Hindu culture supreme power. Official the international name of the state – Kingdom of Cambodia (Kingdom of Cambodia). The historical name of the country is indianizirovannoe Kampuchadesh name. Within the country as the official state name in the Currently used Khmer Kampuchea Prateh. Kingdom of Cambodia – one of the most unique of Southeast Asia, in the old days it was called 'the pearl of Asia.
" Cambodia attracts tourists ancient temples, fortresses, palaces, as well as its unique nature. A haven for tourists is undoubtedly Angkor. Angkor, the Khmer "the city" was built near the north shore of Lake Tonle Sap (Great Lake). This is a great shallow lake, feeding tributary of the Mekong River, was rich with fish and surrounded by fertile lands. Lake water helped turn Angkor Tom into a thriving city. Khmer farmers used irrigation canals to grow three rice crops a year. By 1000 AD in the great city can live more than half a million people.
C VIII to XIII century Khmer ruler ruled a powerful civilization in Southeast Asia. Special power it has achieved in 802 AD, when Dzhayavarmane II. He ruled 60 years and repeatedly transferred his capital. Finally he stopped at the Angkor area and began construction there is a big deal. Angkor Wat was built during the reign of Suryavarmane II at the beginning of the XII century and was dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu. The three-story building consists of a series of rectangular rooms. Its tower in the shape of lotus blossoms rise to 60 meters. Angkor Wat – the greatest temple in the ruins of the city of Angkor Thom, the north-west Cambodia. Angkor Thom was built as the capital of the great empire of the Khmers, and the temple occupies an area of approximately 2.5 square kilometra.Steny corridors of the temple is decorated with sculptures and reliefs depicting scenes from ancient myths. The building is surrounded by two walls. Wide moat fed by water from a large urban reservoirs used primarily for watering plants during the dry season. When Suryavarman died, the temple became his tomb, in 1431 Thai soldiers attacked Angkor Thom and destroyed it. Destroyed city absorbed the jungle, and he was re-opened only 150 years ago. In 1850, French missionary, cut through the dense tropical forest in Cambodia, discovered the ruins of the magnificent city. Four century jungle gradually destroyed over a hundred temples. Very soon there appeared archaeologists to explore and restore the city of temples.