Vaccination Of Animals

The immune system – this is an extremely complex set of interactions of special cells in the blood and tissues that are formed and designed to block harmful to the body of foreign agents (other cells). As a result, this interaction is obtained by complex antibody-antigen, ie, "Bunch" of two cells – cell protector "and" cells of the aggressor. " In such a situation, harm to the body no no, because "Block the aggressor has been successfully neutralized. In fact, under the term "antigen" hiding absolutely any foreign substance that the body was evil, he, the body, has decided to reverse by the immune system and those most "Cell-defenders" who in immunology are called "antibodies". What happens as a result of penetration into the body can not vaccinated animal virus? The organism does not have time to work out the right amount of antibodies and animal ill with a contagious disease. The task of any microorganism that enters the environment of the host organism – to circumvent the immune system, multiply very rapidly, affecting the available organs and tissues of the animal.

Most dangerous of all this process is for young animals – puppies and kittens, because their immunity has not been formed and the immune system works very slowly. That is why vaccination is necessary in this age group. The vaccine, which contains antigens injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly puppy or kitten. Thus, the antigen, which is contained in the vaccine enters the body, but does not cause any harm. But the immune system is well recognized, that it is antigen, and it must be neutralized.

Some vaccine manufacturers assure us that to protect the body requires single primary immunization (vaccination). It's a bit wrong from the standpoint of immunology. Any vaccine, which is held for the first time, only "prepares" the body to establish and sustain immunity. Therefore, the competent veterinary doctors have always strongly recommend to do a primary vaccination with revaccination after 2-4 weeks, depending on the type of vaccine. Vaccination can only be clinically healthy animals. Vaccination of animals is extremely important and necessary event, which serves to prevent infectious diseases. Suffice it to say that much of the animals die from diseases that are preventable, if you make a pet vaccinated on time.

Diet Food

Breeding quail, pheasants, ornamental ducks and peacocks on the farm is now considered a fairly common thing. Although this work includes several features and a special set of skills. Breeding quail – the most popular type of poultry today. In order to start cultivation of such birds as quail in particular circumstances will need to purchase a special breed "Pharaoh" or the so-called Japanese (Silent) quail. These rocks are known not only that will bring a great and enduring offspring (they are resistant to inbreeding, that is at the crossing of closely related species litter will have different characteristics), but also and the fact that they are picky in feeding and perfectly content to endure captivity.

Body temperature in quail this breed is high, due to which these individuals are extremely resistant to various diseases. The meat of this bird regarded as a refined product. Even more popular are different quail eggs that have different useful properties. They are used as a cure for many ailments. Need to establish the optimal temperature in the building where you plan to keep the birds – it is about 18-20 C and should not be below this mark. You will also need to provide them with illumination of approximately 16-17 hours a day and regular airing of the premises where they are located. Quail cells must meet strict criteria: if they contain the Japanese quail size should be approximately 10×10 cm, with the content of breed "Pharaoh" – 10×15 cm and height of all cells should be about 25 see food needed to ask twice a day – in winter it is combined with vitamin feed additives, and in the summer – special feed, to which is added to greens.

Since domesticated birds do not have the instinct for incubation, then owners need to make an incubator for potomstva.Fazan – Inhabitants of the south, however, many types of fine feel in the middle lane in open enclosures, ranging in size from 6 to 16 sq.m. several birds depending on their type. Diet corresponds to that described previously. Due to the fact that the hen is often not the clutch was serving, chicks usually derived in an incubator. Our climate perfectly suited for this birds like pheasant. Only in very cold weather, they should settle in insulated buildings, other times they can be kept under the open sky in cells in which the poles are placed either for this purpose are thrown trees. Also, they need a shed – in case of rain pheasants can hide under them. For females in a secluded place needed to equip slot. Ration for feeding the peacocks like a diet for feeding the chickens – it includes cereals, bread and different cereals. Decorative duck mandarin extremely undemanding in cultivation. They clearly feel, even at -15 C, so the pair is permissible to build an outdoor enclosure, minimum dimensions which is usually 2×2 m. Flow rates, which need to be equipped for the birds and give them the right conditions. These ducks say "tree", so that they need one more condition for living – a special slot. Inside the cell duplyanku place, which is attached to the bars of the enclosure. Feeding of ducks, you can use a regular composite feed from the diet of chickens – chopping vegetables, cereals and so on. Breeders of various birds supply to the market quality meat products. And the quail eggs suit for diet food.