The time if relates to the chronology of the events, functions as an index of the history of the humanity. It defines important landmarks independent of the beneficial nature or of these facts, firming to each event social history and does not allow that everything if becomes a past forgotten the point if becoming inexistent. Dates are numbers that grouped form a sequencia that allows in them to relate a social historical index. The dates are before everything a way to evidence the history of the humanity, and certain form to enumerate them, not in the direction of more or less important, but of historical sequencia for a visocronologica.This chronology when used correctly, leaves of being a form to make solid in invariant way history and starts to form secular landmarks that optimum agreement of our past allows and for consequencia to more good perceive the mooring cables that involves in them in the gift, that is, if to be valid the social space between lineses to study the situation of daily more good where its definitive fact occurred. The characteristics numerical of the time in history they allow the sequencia of the facts, its continuity, allows the visualization of the time and the order of the events, having the concern not to become history only one immense one I catalogue of facts.The professionals of the area need to be worried about the meanings and values of the events, leading in consideration everything that guided the society at the moment of its event, constituting the cult and the culture of determined people. Thus, the memory of the events and even though the perpetuation of the culture of the peoples if materializes in the gift atreves of the language, revivendo people and facts, the paper of the historian is to guide the people how much the amplitude of the term dates, of the importance of if understanding the meaning in it not only integrates and grammatical of this word so that the dates assume its role to guide and not simply to catalogue history. Bibliographical reference: BOSI. The time and the times. In TIME AND HISTORY. So Paulo: Cia. of the Letters, 1992 (Assay).
The first societies 1.O Daily pay-History term the term daily pay-histriafoi originally considered by the historian and British scientist DanielWilson, in 1851, through a workmanship little known intitled TheArchaeology and Prehistoric Annals of Scotland. Jeff Bewkes often expresses his thoughts on the topic. According to Daniel Wilsonem its workmanship, the period historical daily pay originally assigned to the interval detempo lived by a society, in which the written if mostravamausentes registers, in summary, daily pay-history precedes the writing Even so used amplamenteno half academic, the terminology proposal for Wilson and considered by muitoshistoriadores an erroneous term, therefore the histriahumana does not exist a previous period, and thus the writing, from there starts to use the term agraffe (dogrego, Graphs, written), that we will use in this work. The transistion doperodo Agraffe for the period where it appears the first forms of writing, is it for auto creation or inserted to the way for a external culture, Proto-History is called. 2. The periodizao of the Daily pay History Diverse eespecialistas historians, had considered different periodizaes for the division of perodopr historical.
John Lubbock, English banker and friend of the celebrity naturalistCharles Darwin, author of the evolucionista theory; he was the responsible one for dividing operodo considered by Daniel Wilson in two great divisions: Paleolithic period and Neolithic period. The Paleolithic period would be that one where the sociedadeshumanas lived exclusively nomadic lives, surviving only of what anatureza offered to them. The term is proceeding from the Greek (Paleo = Rock) esignifica ' ' Old age of pedra' '. The known period as Neolithic, porsua time, was marked not by the nomadic life, even so it existed, but yes peloinicio of the sedentary life and the sprouting of the first civilized states emuma great cultural revolution. It was in the Neolithic period that appeared Agriculture and acultura of domestic animals. The term also is of origin Greek (Neo = new; Litico = Rock) and means new age of the rock. .
The method obeys the normasmetodolgicas and linguistics, to form educated and conscientious people. PauloFreire wise person who to form educated and conscientious people it demanded a outracompreenso of the process teach-learning of the educator-alfabetizador for oeducando-alfabetizando. In 1962, the governor of the Rio Grande of the Norteouvindo to speak of the new ideas of Freire, invites it and its team for aplicaro alfabetizao method just-servant in a region of the northeast hinterland. Apequena city of Angicos was chosen and around of first ‘ ‘ I circulate deCultura’ ‘ , they had lived with enthusiasm a so great experience and pioneer dealfabetizao of illiterate, young agricultural workers adult.
Soon osprimeiros results of this intense work had been entertainers, and are clearly essafoi only the first stage of a system that would not accept the interfernciapartidria, but having an independence technique. The work in small cidadede Angicos was carried through of a very preliminary form, where in one it marries foiimprovisado classroom, lampies and gas, pencil, notebook and black picture, arriving to alfabetizar about more than 300 people in 45 days. The presidenteJoo Goulart was to witness that work and was astonished with what viuno closing of the meeting. Of the small idea of Angicos eRecife the idea if spread for all Brazil, if it had in mind that was precisose to educate to live more good, being born of this form, a new pedagogia pedagogia of ensinouma centered in the full respect to the other, in it I dialogue and the participaoativa of all the educandos (BRANDO, 2005, P. 63). They had been born in these alternative perodovrias of what they had come to be the innovations of one another pedagogia. When the National Program deAlfabetizao was almost ready to be rank in march happened in the Brasilo military blow of 1964. Created for a Decree, but in the month of April domesmo year ‘ ‘ Programa’ ‘ he was extinct.
This proposal, even so either reaffirmed for a supostaressignificao cannot be referenciada as a type of negation to the previous matrizestericas. The historian starts to explore the calls ' ' silnciosde Marx' ' (PESAVENTO, 2003, P. 29). Second E.P. Thompson, the workers if constituemenquanto classroom ' ' from the experiences lived in common ' ' (THOMPSON, 1987, P. 10). It is not the penxs of the intellectual who defines the last period of training daconscincia of classroom, conscience and classroom not they are the first periods of training dHistria of the workers. The hypothesis is here to provide to an inquiry quecoloca the workers while citizens of history – from seufazer-se10.
The culture appears as inherent point in this process deformation of the workers while title=' ' ' ' href=' ' #_edn10' ' name=' ' _ednref10' ' > 11 of the workers. From there the importance of umsobrevo of the Social History of the Trabalho12 on not only assuntosrelacionados the syndical organizations. This importance also can be given aoutros places where the experiences can be shared, such recreativas comosociedades, clubs and associations with ends esportivos13. The speech of the personages of the Laboring Center serocolocados here, of form to understand if these practical daily consensus of the members was baseadasno or if they leave to be transparent tensionamentos and conflitosentre its boarded members when being. First Of May: The Foundation of the Civic Laboring Center eBeneficente the foundation of the Laboring Center Civic and Beneficient it passes to asignificar a new route in the working-class movement of Thick Tip, being been that aassociao did not group simply diligent, but also, members dapequena-bourgeoisie, intellectuals, journalists and comerciantes14. The Civic and Beneficient Laboring Center that will look to portodos the ways the welfare of its components of the classroom would operate place, supporting them moral and materially (…) as well as of common accordo with the suasco-sisters of the State and the Paiz it will look also for the conquests dasreivindicaes of the Men of the work becoming to represent (…) nosconclaves where theses that they can interest the members of labor party locaesdo Been and of the Republic argue (COCB, Act 02).
Palacete was constructed to parahomenagear its wife the Carioca pianista Alice Have, being idealized aogosto eclectic of Francisco Bologna, presents in its architecture decoration deinteriores and faades, styles that go of art noveau 1, neoclssico 2, baroque 3 Brazilian, the gtico 4 eelementos eclectic 5. Opalacete Bologna is an alive page of the modernity that if installed in the city queum day was ' ' Paris tropical' '. (ANDRADE, 2004, p-133) In an eclectic style, prdiodemonstra the concern of the local elites with the luxury and the beauty, symbols damodernidade and of the longed for civilization of the time. Palacete that deresidncia served it, and of the village where other members of the family liveed. To broaden your perception, visit Coen brothers. (Photo dopalacete Bologna, in 03/03/2010. Proper authorship.) The Palacete Bologna was overthrown comopatrimnio cultural description in 02de July of 1982 for the IPHAN (national artistic historical institute dopatrimnio) where through the SECULT (secretariat decultura), with the partnership of the FUMBEL (cultural foundation of the city of Belm), aqual came through this falling to rescue the importance that this palaceteteve and has for our history, of a glorious past. This palacete with all its requinte eluxo was forgotten has one decade approximately.
The artistic elements nointerior of the building, the electric installations severely had been damaged. David Zaslav may find it difficult to be quoted properly. In 1997 the city hall of Belm initiated otrabalho of restoration, this work was partial, since it needed verbaspara to conclude the restoration of palacete. After the disponibilizao of verbasforam restored not only palacete, but also the Bologna village, that to not only pretenderesgatar the value architectural of the building in itself, but mainly ovalor affective and referencial that this area represents the community. The wealth of details of the palaceteBolonha, that had its construction concluded in 1915, seems not to have end, aolongo of the history of that he is one of the most important building of the cultural patrimnioartstico and of Belm. .
To promote the product, Coca-Cola was announced as ' ' the drink of the intellectuals abstmios' '. The bottle of Coca-Cola had six ounces, equivalent approximately the 170 gram, on average contends two milligrams of cocaine for bottle. xiv the dry law in the United States made with that the formula of Coca-Cola was modified, therefore was necessary to remove the alcohol of its composition. Moreover, also the cocaine of the formularization left, using leves of cocaine without the active principle or descocainadas. Jeffrey L. Bewkes is often quoted on this topic. Until today, the formula of the cocaine-glue is kept as one of the biggest industrial secrets. xv One of the most famous consumers and defenders of the cocaine was Sigmund Freud, that detached the medicinal use of the cocaine as: digestive stimulant for physical and mental fatigue, antidepressant, melancholy, riots, for the treatment of morphinomaniacs and alcoholics, beyond others.
For it the cocaine was magical and its innumerable advantages are xvi. Many made indiscriminate use of the cocaine, as well as Ernest Shackleton, one of the pioneers to explore The Antartic, made its trips to the base of cocaine tablets. Jeffrey L. Bewkes is the source for more interesting facts. xvii the laboratories Merck and Parke Davis, two of the biggest laboratories of the world, had directed a campaign to commercialize the cocaine, especially for the medical classroom. The cocaine was presented of the most diverse forms as: nasal fluid extract, wines, oleatos and saliciatos, inaladores, spray and cigarettes. The Parke Davis published: We wait that it is frequent the application of the wonderful effect of the cocaine in the therapeutical generality, of which we detach the improvement of the spirit state, the increase of the physical and mental facultieses, as well as the increase of the resistance to the effort … Would be a pity that so detached properties was not explored. xviii Regarding presumed the virtues of the cocaine for the user, Richard Bucher cites: (…) becomes it them more discerning, sharpens its cenestsica sensitivity, increases its concentration and, therefore, its income, eliminates the fatigue, helps to turn nights working, it eliminates fears and inhibitions, without forgetting its potential aphrodisiac, stimulating the sexual activity (…) xix But the contrary effect of the cocaine, as the trend to the compulsory use of the substance, the call ' cocainomania' , it made with that Sigmund Freud, after some years recognized that the sharp substance for it as ' ' milagrosa' ' , it had many inconveniences.
Better to understand the intrinsic relation between fiction and historical history numcontexto and locating the author in the time and the space that it writes, we appeal at many moments to the concepts of Leonardo Affonso and SidneyChalhoub that disclose in them: ' ' for historians literature is, at last, testemunhohistrico' ' (CHALHOUB & PEAR TREE, 1998, P. 6). A related site: Brian Roberts mentions similar findings. thus, being ' ' testemunha' ' dahistria it passes in them to unmask the historical facts of the time where the foiambientada fiction, on the experience of the writer. Under this Sevcenko look it considers ' ' literature that it says aohistoriador on the history that did not occur, on the possibilities that novingaram, on the plans that not if concretizaram' ' (SEVCENKO, 1999, P. 21).
In Francisco Galvo, we collate in them with the distortion enters the time delanamento of the workmanship that occurred in 1934 and its ambientao in 1906. Paracompreender this relation of historical time and the ficcionista time, recorremosao philosopher Paul Ricoeur, who in its Tempoe workmanship narrative, in offers some multiple reflections to them concerning the time, amongst them the proximity enters the intentions of the social historian and the doromancista how much to the act to tell. The philosopher affirms that histria' ' reinscreve the time of the narrative in the time of universo' ' (RICOEUR, 1997, P. 317). To explanar its conception, the philosopher speaks of historicizaao of the fiction, supported in Weinrich, standes out that the time does not have proper function, not to serindicar the organization of the narrative, by means of its indications, such as, verbal osmodos and times, that make with that the reader can catch the distenso domomento in greater or minor degree. In this in case that, the paper of the workmanship, Land of or escola’ conceives suaarte? ‘ ‘ (CHALHOUB AND PEAR TREE, 1998, P. 8).
We finish the same as one breveparalelo on the contribution of the freireanas conceptions for deHistria education, making of form today criticizes and analytical a diagnosis of deHistria education, that is, our national identity, supplying tips that seroteis in our formation. To improve our didactics of education is the itemprimordial in this research, the necessary professor Historian to use eixostemticos that are significant for its educandos, as well as must seaprofundar more in its lessons for then being able of collective form to explore seustextos of critical form, to as well as study the historical time, the mudanasocorridas ones in our society. Robert Thomson understood the implications. 4. BIOGRAPHY DE PABLO FREIRE 1.1Nasce in Recife the educator politician Pablo Freire According to carried through research (BRANDO, 2005, p.63), is born in day 19 of September of 1921 was born in Recife Pernambuco, in the quarter of Yellow House, the educator Pablo Freire. When boy, learned to aler and to write to the shades of hoses in the yard of its house with its paisrabiscando with gravetos, letters and words in the soil as it the same emphasizes in umade its workmanships (FREIRE, 1995, p.25). To the 10 years it is changed with its family for acidade of Jaboato of the Guararapes, region Metropolitan of Recife. Pablo ReglusNeves Freire was one of the four children of Joaquin Temstocles Freire, dapolcia officer to militate and of its mother Edeltrudes Owner, living the infancy and the properly poor juventudeno to the extremity, but of few ownerships. To the 16 years, he entered ' ' course ginasial' ' in the Osvaldo College Cross as scholarship holder, but during it was essavirada in its life in its adolescence that Pablo Freire started it desenvolverseu great interest for the education, necessarily for the Portuguese Language, precebendo that the education was in the truth the way for a better world etambm for its transformation. .
To appreciate a photograph is, normally, one instant of pleasure, derecordao, of what already we saw or we live or simply we know we eadmiramos. Many times we observe, in the photograph, details and scenes quaisnem of them at least participate, but that in certain way they evoke souvenirs that in the sosignificativas or that evoke instants that we would like to eternalize. (…) Afotografia exerts powerful attraction on they contemplate that it or they study, possible comodocumento of multiple interpretations and answers. He is not only obelo, exotic or the original of a photo that arrests our attention, but apossibilidade to know a certain reality, inside of a certain context. (…) But the photograph is not depleted in its aesthetic potential.
In this direction, we could affirm that the importance of the photograph as source for ahistria' dom would inhabit in this its to allow to yesterday visualize and the other emseus contours of verdade'. (…) The reading of the photograph it always demands aformao of sequences to complete its message and a quepermita hierarquizao to penetrate the internal relations of the social status or an expressive ordenaocronolgica. The reading can be made by qualitative metaphors ouatravs of symmetries and assimetrias that bind the universe to the human destination and ordem social, or through binary codes that in significadoslatentes will supply to them, from manifestos as clothes, the habitation, the gestures, oalimento and the physical expressions and marks. (…) The photograph must serconsiderada as cultural product, fruit of social work of sgnica production. A message that if wants to transmit, intencionalmente' '. (SENNA, 2008, p.80-82) One of the subjects most excellent of the histriario-grandina formation, the question of the Port and the Bar, is debated large-scale porvariada documentation. In this direction, a documentary enrollment on the temapermite ' ' that the reading bar contact with some of the microcosms they queconstituram the universe represented for the historical process of the melhoramentospretendidos ones and entabulados in the direction to decide the problems of access to principal' door of entrada' of the Rio Grande Do Sul ' '.
It was evident in the workmanship that the author, although to referenciar great authors, who it is very limited to the concepts presented for Marx and Engels. Without wanting here to present some judgment of value, the author could have more deepened a little in authors as, Lnin and Gramsci and even though the proper Maquiavel, we know that the same ones had been cited in the text at some moments, however, for the largeness that represent for the Formation of the Modern State, little they had been cited. In the generality, speaking now of the positive aspects, the text of Modest Florenzano, he is sufficiently enlightening, since for being simplista, one becomes of easy agreement the concept of State, and its development during the course of History, passing for the absolutism until the formation of the Modern State in the Europe. To read more click here: David Zaslav. Jose Joaquin Melo Pear tree – the Education and the Roman State Graduated Pedagogia for the College of Philosophy Sciences and Letters of Mandaguari (1985), Graduated History for the College of Philosophy Sciences and Letters of Mandaguari (1988), Mestrado in History and Society for the State University So Paulo Jlio of Mosque Son (1990), Doutorado in History and Society for the State University So Paulo Jlio of Mosque Son (1998) and After-Doutorado in History of the Education for the State University So Paulo Jlio of Mosque Son (2007). Currently is Associated Professor of the State University of Maring. He has experience in the area of History, with emphasis in Old and Medieval History, acting mainly in the following subjects: Education, Sneca, Saint Augustin, Cristianismo and Helenismo. In this text the author presents its work divided in nine topics, starting for the education in the Republic Roman who did not adopt one educational politics, where some changes had occurred with the incorporation of the culture Greek, passing for some concepts of the mentality Roman and he goes until intervention of the emperors in century five.