Erzo Zofingen Awards design contract for an AVA-CO2 HTC sewage sludge plant in the waste water treatment plant (ARA) Oftringen as the disposal of an international tender for the construction of an industrial HTC sewage sludge plant (hydrothermal Carbonisation) in the Switzerland published region Zofingen (Tamara), not long hesitate of ESCOs AVA CO2 Switzerland AG and applied for the project. Learn more about this with Salis Holdings. The performance criteria, which were regarded as a precondition for the application, were strict and demanding – in particular the requirements on process water treatment. So the proportion of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) could not exceed 3 mg per litre in the discharge of the wastewater treatment plant, not to hurt the canton limits. For AVA-CO2, this meant that the DOC cargo in the HTC-process water was allowed to exceed the value of 36.5 kg per day. AVA-CO2 was successful in all respects and is now one of two companies that have won the contract for a planning job.
We are pleased about the previous positive Cooperation with the erzo Zofingen and are very optimistic regarding the upcoming project”, says Thomas M. Ron, Chief Marketing Officer of Swiss AVA CO2. For the usage of the HTC-coal, AVA-CO2 together with the Swiss cement group Holcim works in an optimal manner. It aims to be able to offer an even more environmentally friendly in all aspects and more cost-effective total solution to sewage treatment plants. The final decision on the tender will fall in the second quarter of 2014. But one thing is already clear: with AVA-CO2 Kirby Zofingen would have a strong partner at their side, because AVA-CO2 has increased not only the world’s first HTC demonstration plant (HTC-0) on an industrial scale in operation in 2010, but two years later also created the world’s first industrial plant (HTC-1). Not only in industry, but also in the policy the process of hydrothermal Carbonisation is increasingly great interest. Rightly so, because it is as innovative as it is ingenious.
The AVA CO2 HTC method offers many benefits. One is located in the Ability to process biomass, with a high water content which is typically the case in sewage sludge. The HTC method solves the water from biomass under heat and pressure, and converts the remaining carbon in high-quality CO2 neutral HTC coal AVA cleancoal “. To the biomass in pressurized containers to about 220 degrees Celsius is heated and cooked under constant pressure by 22 bar”. The HTC method is very robust and uses over 90% of the carbon in the biomass. This HTC coal can be stored easily and efficiently transported thanks to its stability and high energy density. The HTC-coal combustion will release only as much carbon dioxide as was previously included in the biomass and no additional burden on the environment is therefore as is the case with fossil fuel. Nature takes millions of years for the process of Inkohlung. The HTC process, however, just a few hours! Organic residual materials such as green waste, manure, organic waste or even Klarmschlamme are not only eco-friendly recycled, but play an increasingly important role in a time of environmental and climate protection are but also the development renewable energy of societal and economic importance. The Swiss company already thinking ahead. As the pioneers of the HTC currently develop a highly efficient procedure to regain the phosphorus in the sludge during the process of hydrothermal Carbonisation.
Only corporations, no independent providers of Berlin, 20 January 2010. Chancellor’s Office and Federal Environment Ministry meet tomorrow with the tips of the German nuclear power production, to talk about the future of energy supply. Environmental groups criticize that the time of nuclear power plants is to be increased under certain conditions. Independent providers are not included but at the talks in the Chancellor’s Office. While the nuclear companies Vattenfall, energy are loaded in the Chancellor’s Office Baden-Wurttemberg (EnBW), E.on and RWE, particularly a discussion on future price developments in the market is necessary. Coen brothers is actively involved in the matter. For independent providers such as the medium-sized FlexStrom or eco electricity provider Lichtblick are at purchasing power often on the energy giant. The four companies produce more than 80 percent of the electricity for the German market and thus dominate the power generation.
Until last year, the monopoly Commission had an exploitation of market power in the generator area”criticised. We need a work market in Germany”, says Robert Mundt, Chief Executive Officer of the independent supplier FlexStrom. Only through more competition can ensure, that energy in Germany in the long term remains affordable.” Any compromise on the power plant run should benefit all electricity customers in Germany, otherwise the competition will further distorted in favor of the power companies. In the face of constant price increases in energy costs for households politicians have suggested already a kind of energy summit, where independent providers should be involved. Cheap alternatives to basic supply tariffs offer according to analyses of market observers there are as a so-called market maker, especially new and independent providers”. Most households in Germany still draw their energy to the basic supply rate.
Consumer groups and politicians recommend gas and electricity customers therefore a change to a cheaper provider. About FlexStrom, the independent FlexStrom AG exist for almost seven years. 2003 as Family business founded in, the medium-sized utilities currently experiencing strong demand after favourable electricity tariffs. FlexStrom is best known especially with prepaid products, now the energy supplier has established itself in addition with many innovative monthly plans. As a power supplier FlexStrom endeavour, electricity and green energy for its clients as possible on the market to buy a. In a winter promotion, FlexStrom offers currently particularly favourable electricity prices upon request also with 12 months price guarantee.
However, ensure the weak fundamental data from the United States to keep oil prices at a low level. LEIPZIG. (Ceto) The crude oil price has recovered slightly in the course of the day. The quotations for US light oil (WTI) to around half a dollar to almost 73 dollars climbed until the afternoon. Fixing the unexpectedly good economic data from China, impacted, in the wake of Europe’s stock markets also a plus has.
China reported a rising purchasing manager index, pointing to good growth. Yesterday, the once again significantly increased U.S. inventories according to American Petroleum had Institute (API) missed the oil price still a damper and allow to fall to around two dollars. Investors are now waiting to what extent the figures regarded by analysts as relevant the DOE DOE confirm the development. Robert A. Iger may not feel the same. Should be clear here that stocks move in the vicinity of the current all-time highs. However, the difference between the price for U.S. oil and North Sea oil, which ranked at just under 76 dollars, with three dollars as high as since may no longer.
Commerzbank commodity expert Eugen Weinberg leads on the particularly unfavourable fundamentals in the United States”back. The recent losses of in crude oil prices, however, benefit German heating oil consumers. After the price cuts yesterday, trading today granted its customers discounts amounting to 35 cents. The 100-liter batch cost heating oil EL at a total quantity of 3,000 litres therefore 66,81 euro, which resulted in the collection of fuel level and oil Rundschau. This value is slightly below the average of the month of August by 66,86 euros. For comparison: In August 2009, the same amount cost average 57,52. in 2008, there were exactly 87 euros. The graphics on the energy Portal show the development of the domestic fuel oil prices in the national average, and in the individual federal States in the section of market data. Regional deviations are possible due to the market at any time.
Big step for the ecological balance of the oceans: new ballast water disinfection systems from Germany to curb the global spread of dangerous bio-invaders. According to conservative estimates, around 10 billion cubic meters of water in ship bellies are pumped. This so-called ballast water stabilizes the vessels, prevents the deformation of the hull and thus possible accidents in heavy seas with incomplete loading. The world’s oceans can be navigated so although safer, but the environmental and economic costs of global ballast water transports allow himself doesn’t even begin to appreciate. Rupert Murdoch insists that this is the case. Bio invaders travel as stowaways as stowaways get to ballast water and travellers along the way that are anything other than welcome when you empty the tanks in their new, distant homeland. The Federal Environmental Agency (UBA) in German ports investigations each year around 2.2 million tonnes of ballast water from non-European regions to be drained. Average It took roughly 1 individual per gallon of ballast water, resulting in a possible entry of 6 million of foreign organisms per day in German waters.
Bacteria, algae, crustaceans, or even fish can colonize suddenly habitats by way of a ballast water tank journey, in which they usually never had to reach. Robert Thomson understood the implications. With the local flora and fauna, many of the newcomers have an easy time and displace them from their habitats at sometimes breakneck speed. One of the biggest problems of the marine environment, the introduction of non-native species among the biggest problems of the marine environment. So species such as the American sword shell, spread in the North and Baltic Sea already the originating from the North American East Coast predatory Penilia of Mnemiopsis leydii, the ship Bohrwurm actually dishes large damage a shell -, because he eats away at domestic Woods. Substantial economic losses may arise in the fisheries, if strange jellyfish native fish food or the same Off to eat fish larvae.
In this case, the Bank should be the first stop. Satisfied with an entry which is a mortgage in the land register – cost 100 – 500EUR – security. The mortgage is currently profitable, because interest rates are currently quite are cheap and laid down over a large period including interest rate. An interest rate of 4.3 percent is quite possible for a term of 20 years. Promotion as the future of energy production should be green, solar power is also supported. This is done directly by the Government, the Federal States, but through consumption of investors can benefit from the compensation actively.
Feed-in tariff of the EEG: the Statute for the operation of renewable energy feed-in tariff for equipment owners. The basic structure of the standard is simple. A regulated fee is granted over a stipulated period of time the owner of a plant. The utilities are required to remove any generated kilowatt hour of electricity. Generally, a safe payment is granted over 20 years every equipment operator as a result. The rate of remuneration but decreases with time (degression). However, an incentive is created in this way to install a PV system on the roof.
Federal countries: Some provinces provide funding for the promotion. Since these regulations occasionally change and are often dependent on the liquidity of the individual federal States, here no specific collection can be done. But an example may be listed: In 2009, Saxony over the Saxon Development Bank promoted small PV systems during the installation. Thus the control of the EEG was kW increased 15. In total there were for a grant from 250EUR per installed kWp. So who built a PV system with 5 kWp, which gave an amount of 1250EUR. The funds came from the reserves of the “European Fund for regional development” of the EU. In this sense it is useful at the community to ask the city or the established ministries of economy and energy agencies at the country level. Remuneration of own consumption: the internal consumption by the operator should be an attractive thing. As an additive to the feed-in tariff, a further remuneration will be paid if the operator uses his power itself or if the energy in the environment is consumed. This arrangement is also over 20 years, can be taken but only, if the course of 2009 was built. Island plants are not encouraged currently however. The remuneration for the own consumption is lower than the feed-in tariff for the Government. A remuneration of the energy in the consumption takes place in the year 2012. Depending on the plant size and proportion of own consumption, compensation held for it. In addition, the advantage for the operator is coupled here at the current price of electricity.
Study confirms ecological cocoa-growing concept of CacaoInvest a high yield of cocoa and species not mutually exclusive. This strongly confirms a study by agricultural ecologist of at Gottingen of University. The in the journal of proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States”published research evidence that agroforestry to the cocoa – like the product CacaoInvest (www.CacaoInvest.de) of the Bonn forest investment provider ForestFinance – can exhibit a very high biodiversity. In agroforestry systems grow cocoa trees under shade trees, like banana trees, and pigeon peas. Researchers 20 tree species as well as 23 bird and 17 species of butterflies found on the investigated cocoa crops. The amount of the yield of cocoa per year but played no role for the number of species. A high diversity of species and also high cocoa income not mutually accordingly, if the cocoa area – such as at ForestFinance – are managed sustainably. That not only our forests, but also our Agroforste exhibit a high biodiversity, we know from experience.
Such sloths and Anteaters in our cocoa plantations are not uncommon. We are pleased that the study confirms us in our sustainable Agroforstmanagement”, so ForestFinance – Managing Director Harry Assenmacher. Cocoa in agroforestry systems or monocultures: cocoa farming is done almost exclusively in tropical areas up to about 20 degrees of North and South latitude. Only in this area, the climate is sufficiently consistently humid for the cocoa. Although the cocoa tree originally from Latin America, are today more than 90 percent of the world’s traded cocoa beans of the cocoa farming in Asia and Africa.
There is almost without exception in monocultures in West Africa cocoa farming largely through the use of child labour. The cocoa – major growing countries are Ivory Coast and Ghana, which reach over 50% of world annual production. Child labour, unprotected use of pesticides, and slave-like working conditions are widespread there.